Practices of Faith in the United Church of Christ


"In accordance with the teaching of our Lord and the practice prevailing among evangelical Christians, the United Church of Christ recognizes two sacraments: Baptism and the Lord's Supper or Holy Communion."

- From the Preamble to the Constitution of the United Church of Christ

"Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ."

- Acts 2:38

"For in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith. As many of you as were baptized into Christ Jesus have clothed yourself with Christ. There is no longer Jew or Greek, there is no longer slave or free, there is no longer male and female; for all of you are one in Christ Jesus."

- Galatians 3:26-28

What does Baptism Signify?

The sacrament of baptism is an outward and visible sign of the grace of God. Through baptism a person is joined with the universal church, the body of Christ. In baptism, God works in us the power of forgiveness, the renewal of the spirit, and the knowledge of the call to be God's people always.

How Does Baptism Take Place?

Baptism with water and the Holy Spirit is the sign of our common discipleship. Since baptism is God's gift, the Holy Spirit is called to be upon the water and those being baptized. The act of baptism also marks the beginning of a new life of discipleship with Christ, the human response to that gift.

Why is Water Used?

Water is an essential element of baptism. Water is a prominent symbol of cleansing and life in the Bible - the water of creation, the great flood, the liberation of Israel through the sea, the water of Mary's womb, the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River, the woman at the well, and Jesus' washing of the feet of the disciples. That is why water is visibly present in the service. In the United Church of Christ, the mode of baptism is a matter of choice. Some traditions use sprinkling, some pouring, and some immersion.

At St. John, we often baptize by pouring, but immersion can be arranged at your request. 

Who is Baptized in the UCC?

Infants, children, youth, and adults. For infants and children, as well as for youth and adults who have never been baptized before, baptism marks their acceptance into the care of Christ's church, the sign and seal of God's forgiveness, and the beginning of their Christian faith and life.

At St. John, we are happy to baptize your infant alongside your intent to raise the child in the Christian care of the church. Otherwise, we generally wait until confession of faith at confirmation or as an adult.

More Questions:

The United Church of Christ recognizes the validity of all Christian baptisms performed in the name of the Triune God. Therefore there is no need for re-baptism. If there is a question about whether baptism has taken place, a conditional phrase may be added as a person is baptized, such as "if you are not already baptized." It is a well-accepted practice, however for people to renew their baptismal vows in a service of baptismal renewal, such as the Order for Renewal of Baptism in the UCC Book of Worship.

Members of St. John re-affirm their baptism yearly with water and a blessing. We re-commit ourselves to church membership yearly by reciting the church covenant. If additional re-commitment to your Christian faith is important to you, we will help you find an appropriate way to mark that journey.